Bleak Falls Temple is a dungeon in The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim. It is the dungeon for Bleak Falls Barrow
In the first room you will spot a lot of dead Skeevers and 2 Dead Bandits. You can loot them for Skeever Tails if you need to collect some alchemy ingredients. As you get to back of the room you will see a small camp fire with 2 Bandits camped around it. Sneak up on them or just charge in and kill them. You will hear another Bandit ahead who will run off.
Head down some stairs past the main chamber, and you will arrive at a pillar puzzle. You will need to look around and figure things out.
Each pillar has a possible shape: Snake, Bird or Whale
You can see the symbols on top and on a broker pillar on the floor. The correct combination is SNAKE SNAKE WHALE:
Head on through to the next room. Take some time in this room to search around. You will find the Pickpocket skill book: Thief. Take the nearby stairs down. You will encounter a number of Skeevers as you head down the stairs. At the bottom of the stairs you can find some a poison and Scroll of Fireball. Search around for them.
Cut through some cobwebs ahead and you will find Arvel the Swift who is trapped on a cobweb. The problem here is when the occupant of the room appears: Wounded Frostbite Spider.
Cut him down, and he starts running away. Run after him. DO NOT LOSE SIGHT OF HIM, AS HE HAS THE GOLDEN CLAW WHICH YOU NEED
Arvel will either be killed by you or by the skeletons. Loot the golden claw from him. Be sure to also loot his Journal. This gives you the hints needed to solve the puzzle, if you didn't have a guide.
Head forward. Most likely, Arvel managed to run far enough that you will need to deal with a number of Draugr that are in the area.
You now have to discover the secret of Bleak Falls Barrow. Head through to Bleak Falls Sanctum.